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Z

Zachar



(zah-KHAR) adj. Male (gender). Masculine (grammar) [Nekevah is feminine].




Zachor et yom ha-Shabbat



(zah-khohr et-yohm hash-shab-baht le-ka-de-sho) n. The 4th Commandment: Remember the Sabbath Day to keep it holy.




Zayin



(ZAH-yeen) n. Zayin. 7th letter of the Hebrew alphabet having a sound of "z" as in zebra. Originally represented by a pictograph meaning "plow" or "weapon."Gematria = 7.




Zayit



(ZAH-yeet) n. Olive. Olive tree.




Zeal




(ze-ree-ZOOT) n. Zeal; enthusiam; alacrity; eagerness to serve; passion.




Zebulun



(ze-vu-LOON) n. ("exalted," from zaval, honor)  1) the 10th of the sons of Jacob, 6th and last son from Leah; 2) the tribe descended from Zebulun.




Zechariah



(ze-KHAR-yah) n. 1) Zechariah, one of the Minor Prophets in the Nevi'im. 2) A prophet to the restored remnant who speaks of the Messiah's two comings and God's faithfulness to Israel. Zecharyah means "God has remembered."




Zecher li-tziat Mitzraim



(zay-kher lee-tzee-at meetz-RYE-eem) n. Remembrance of the exodus from Egypt. A Passover commandment.




Zecher Tzaddik Livracha



(zay-kher tzad-DEEK leev-rah-KHAH) n. Prov. 10:17; the memory of the righteous is a blessing.




Zechut Avot



(ze-KHOOT a-VOHT) n. "The merits of the fathers." The idea that the good deeds of the ancestors contribute to the welfare of their descendants. The ten tests of Abraham and his zechut are often appealed to as the basis for zechut for his descendants.




Zeman / Zman



(ze-MAHN) n. Time; season. Zmanim refers to Shabbat candle-lighting times.
Zman Cheruteinu is the season of our freedom (Passover).




Zemirot



(ze-mee-ROHT) n. pl. Zemirot; Table songs for Shabbat.




Zenut



(ze-NOOT) n. Zenut. Sexual immorality; prostitution.




Zephaniah



(tse-FAN-yah) n. Zephaniah, book of the Nevi'im in the Tanakh. Tsefanyah means "Adonai has hidden."




Zerizut



(ze-ree-ZOOT) n. Zeal; enthusiam; alacrity; eagerness to serve; passion.




Zevach




(ZAY-vakh) n. Sacrifice. Zevach refers specifically to an animal offering (such as a lamb) that is slaughtered (as opposed to a Minchah [grain] or bird offering). Zevach is also used to signify a Korban Shelamim (fellowship or peace offering) that is eaten (Ex 18:12), called zivchei shelamim. Korban is more general term than Zevach. Zevach is offered upon the mizbe'ach (altar, from the same root (Zayin-Vav-Chet). Metaphorically, zevachim (pl.) can be righteous (zivchei tzedek) or not.




Zevachim




(ze-va-KHEEM) n. Animal sacrifices and the laws pertaining to animal sacrifices (Shechitat Kodashim). A tractate in Talmud.




Zikaron



(zee-kah-ROHN) n. Memory. Memorial. Yom Zikaron is Israeli Memorial Day.




Zikaron Lema'asei Vereshit



(zee-kah-ROHN le-ma-a-SAY ve-ray-SHEET) n. "A remembrance of creation."  Memorial of the work of creation. On Shabbat we remember that G-d created the universe and all that is in it in six days, and rested on the seventh day.




Zikhrono Livracha



(zeekh-roh-noh leev-rah-KHAH) n. His memory is a blessing; abbreviated Z"L.  Used postpositively (R' Meir, Z"L, once wrote...)




Zilpah



(ZEEL-pah) n. Zilpah. The Syrian woman given by Laban to Leah as a handmaid, a concubine of Jacob, mother of Asher and Gad. Zilpah means "weary."




Zion




(tsee-YOHN) n. Zion; Originally called the City of David, south of the modern Old City of Jerusalem. Later the name came to refer metaphorically to the Temple Mount itself, and by extension, to Jerusalem and the people of Israel.




Zionism



(tsee-yoh-NOOT) n. The movement to restore the Jewish people to a sovereign homeland of their own. Today, after the establishment of the Jewish State of Israel on May 14, 1948, the mitzvah of tzionut entails supporting the people of Israel and their vision of a God-given homeland. In that sense, it is part of the value of k'lal Yisrael - the solidarity of the Jewish people.




Zivchei Elohim




(zeev-khay e-loh-HEEM n. Sacrifices of God.



zivchei elohim ruach nishbarah
the sacrifices of God are a broken spirit (Psalm 51:19a)




Zivchei Shelamim




(zeev-khay she-lah-MEEM) n. Peace sacrifices or offerings. Sacrifices of fellowship. See Korbanot.




Zivchei Todah




(zeev-khay toh-DAH) n. Sacrifices of praise. Sacrifices of thanksgiving. Psalm 107:22; Heb. 13:15.



zivchei todah leilohim tamid
the sacrifice of praise to God continually (Heb 13:15)




Zivchei Tzedek




(zeev-khay TZE-dek) n. Right sacrifices. Sacrifices of righteousness. "Just" sacrifices. Chesed.



zivchu zivchei-tzedek uvitchu el-Adonai
Offer sacrifices in righteousness and trust in the LORD (Psalm 4:5).




Zodiac




(mah-zah-ROHT) n. Also spelled Mazzaroth. Zodiac. The Hebrew word mazzarot (מַזָּרוֹת, from Job 38:32) is said to refer to twelve astrological signs of the zodiac. (In modern Hebrew, astrology is called גַּלְגַּל הַמַּזָּלוֹת, or more simply, mazzalot (מזָּלוֹת), "lucks"). Originally God revealed to Adam his plan of redemption in the stars of the heavenlies, and this became embodied in the esoteric teaching of the mazzarot. (Later it was claimed that the divine zodiac was corrupted during the time of migdal Bavel (Tower of Babylon).






Zohar




(ZO-hahr)  n. Zohar; "Splendor"; Mystical/occult commentary on the Torah and the main text of the Kabbalah. The major work of Jewish mysticism, probably written by Rabbi Moses De Leon in the 13th century.




Zugot




(zoo-GOHT) n. "Pairs" of religious teachers that led Israel before the rise of the Amoraim (i.e., before the fall of the Second Temple in 70 AD) from 142-40 BC.  There were five such pairs from the time of the Maccabean wars to the reign of Herod the Great. Zugot always stood at the head of the Sanhedrin -- one as president ("nasi") and the other as vice-president or father of the court. The last pair of Zugot was Hillel and Shammai during the time of King Herod the Great (c. 74-4 BC).





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